2016年9月11日日曜日

31.3

1. We must never accept the notion that intelligence is connected to race.
2. The task of choosing an analytical framework is an important stage in any research.
3. The book expresses his viewpoint on the role of the United Nations in times of wars.
4. Tannen has always made her stance on gender and language use very clear.
5. Consumers have different perceptions of what low price and high quality mean.
6. The report laid out a new model of family healthcare which changed everything.
7. physicists developed the concept of dark matter to explain certain observations.

31.2

1.There are interesting phD theses on water resources in the library.
2.What was your main  in designing your survey?
3.She was interested in criterion a strange phenomenon connected with comets.
4.The hypotheses were never proved, as the data were incomplete.

2016年9月8日木曜日

AWL sublist1

analyzed data data majority period research research researchers significantly
Abstract

While studies have been done to rate the validity and reliability of the Oral Proficiency Interview (OPI) and Oral Proficiency Interview�Computer (OPIc) independently, a limited amount of research has analyzed the interexam reliability of these tests, and studies have yet to be conducted comparing the results of Spanish language learners who take both exams. For this study, 154 Spanish language learners of various proficiency levels were divided into two groups and administered both the OPI and OPIc within a 2-week period using a counterbalanced design. In addition, study participants took both a pre- and postsurvey that gathered data about their language learning background, familiarity with the OPI and OPIc, preparation and test-taking strategies, and evaluations of each exam. The researchers found that 54.5% of the participants received the same rating on the OPI and OPIc, with 13.6% of examinees scoring higher on the OPI and 31.8% scoring higher on the OPIc. While the results found that students scored significantly better on the OPIc, the overall effect size was quite small. The authors also found that the overwhelming majority of the participants preferred the OPI to the OPIc. This research begins to fill important gaps and provides empirical data to examine the comparability of the Spanish OPI and OPIc.

significantly
While the results showed that students scored significantly better on the OPIc, the overall effect size was quite small.
その結果でOPLcより著しく良い成績をとったことを示したが、全体的な効果量は極めて小さかった。



 assessment assessments assessments assumed beneficial benefits define economy functional method research similarly specifically

Introduction

Being self-taught is no disgrace; but being self-certified is another matter.
—Hugh W. Nibley
In the modern globalized economy, many educational institutions need to demonstrate their students' developing levels of foreign language proficiency. These situations include, for example, obtaining U.S. teaching certifications, measuring language gains from study abroad programs, and reporting on course learning outcomes. In addition, organizations that seek employees who can use a non-English language in particular ways for particular purposes, such as those who conduct business internationally and government agencies, also find it essential to ensure that future employees' level of language proficiency is well suited to their expected tasks and responsibilities.
When framing conversations about proficiency, the ACTFL Proficiency Guidelines have served as a common, external point of reference that allows educators to define and discuss various levels of functional language ability. Based on these guidelines, the Oral Proficiency Interview (OPI) has long been considered the gold standard for measuring proficiency levels. Because cost and scheduling constraints can make the OPI impractical in some situations, a computer-based alternative, the Oral Proficiency Interview–Computer (OPIc), was developed. While some studies have examined the comparability of the two exams in English (Surface, Poncheri, & Bhavsar, 2008; SWA Consulting Inc., 2009), little research has been done to compare the two versions of the exam in other languages, and questions about the extent to which the OPI and OPIc are really commensurate remain. Specifically, one might ask to what extent both assessments result in the same rating for any particular test taker. Similarly, can it be assumed that both assessments measure exactly the same constructs and thus, does the OPIc truly represent a suitable, low-cost, easy-to-schedule substitute for the OPI? In addition, because the two versions of the assessment are delivered in different ways and support differing degrees of interpersonal participation, it is important to consider the extent to which participants prefer one test method over another and why. For example, investigating aspects of the OPI or OPIc that are particularly beneficial, enjoyable, or distasteful to test takers provides important insights into the nonmonetary benefits of one delivery system vs. the other.

assumed
it can be assumed that both assessments measure exactly the same constructs
両方のアセスメントが全く同じ構成物を測定していると推定される。

2016年9月6日火曜日

Mr.Bean royal bean

It's a funny cartoon.
In this story, Mr.Bean went to Buckingham Palace with his Teddy to get the mug that is drawn the Queen.
He liked the mug but he broke it in the mornig. So he wanted a new one.
He found the lorry that bought the mug in the street and he followed the lorry.
And he had entered Buckingham Palace.
At that time, in the palace the Queen looked for fer dog.
The dog found Mr.Bean and his Teddy. And the dog deprived the teddy and ran away.
Mr.Bean managed to get it back.
But they were behind the picture in front of the Queen.
They appeared from the picture and she found her dog.
She appreciated Mr.Bean.
And she presented the mug that Mr. Bean wanted to him.


I think that the story tell the splendor of the Queen, Queen Elizabeth.
She has some dogs actually. And the illustration of the Queen is quite similar.
She appreciated Mr.Bean and presen the mag.
I think it expressed her splendor.

「Mr Bean royal」の画像検索結果


2016年9月5日月曜日

Over The Hedge

I read the book, "OVER THE HEDGE".
In this story, the animals went over the hedge to get foods.

I think the story was written to make people think about animals in the city.
There are the animals that invasion into the people's house.
It is difficult for people to  live with animals in the city.

It seemed that two people were the vallains in the story at first.
But their feelings and actions are common.
We don't like that animals come to our gardens to get foods.
And after all the animals realized their mistakes and stopped going over the hedge.

「over the hedge scholastic」の画像検索結果

self introduction

Hello. My name is Misa.

I'm a student at Kumamoto Univerity.

I like looking at and collecting cosmetics.
My favorite brand is YSL.
And I like reading books.
I love the books of Haruki Murakami.
And I like listening to music.
My favorite artists are MAROON5 and Rihanna!

I have three goals during university.
First, I want to go to France.
Second, I want to earn money. I'll begin stock.
Third, I want to meet a lot of people.

Of course I'll study hard.
I belong to the department of literature.
I wanna learn comparative literature.